13 Home Remedies for Toothache for Instant Relief

Toothache is a dental condition that’s very hard to ignore.

It causes extreme pain that makes it difficult for people to function normally.

This dental ailment is most commonly triggered by tooth decay caused by an accumulation of oral bacteria that infect the gums and teeth [1, 2].

This is usually a result of poor dental hygiene particularly not brushing and flossing the teeth after meals.

It’s important to see a dentist for this problem before it worsens and progresses to a more serious infection that may lead to tooth loss.

Get immediate relief using these home remedies that are simple and easy to put together.

1. Clove

Grown in Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Malaysia and India, clove is a staple ingredient in cooking, perfumery and pharmacy [3].

It helps relieve toothache by getting to the root of the problem, destroying the oral bacteria that cause pain and inflammation [4].

In a study conducted by Korean researchers, the active compounds in clove oil namely eugenol and beta-caryophyllene were assessed for their inhibitory effects against oral bacteria [4].

These compounds were used either alone or paired with antibiotics such as gentamicin and ampicillin [4].

Isolates of oral bacteria were reduced significantly by eugenol combined with antibiotics [4].

These findings suggest clove oil’s syngergistic effects with antibacterial agents [4].

Not only that, clove is also a strong analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive agent that makes it a suitable treatment for toothache and other dental ailments [3, 6, 7, 8].

Studies involving animal subjects show that clove oil’s eugenol prevented the pro-inflammatory cytokines in triggering the body’s inflammatory response [7].

Its pain-relieving effects, meanwhile, focused on the peripheral nervous system [7].

What You’ll Need:

  • 2 whole cloves
  • 1/4 teaspoon of olive oil

Recommended Directions:

  • Grate the cloves.
  • Add olive oil to the grated cloves.
  • Apply mixture on aching tooth.
  • Repeat as needed.

2. Garlic

Some people avoid eating garlic as it causes bad breath.

What they do not know is that it can be good for oral health.

Researchers from South Yorkshire in the United Kingdom found that garlic prevents the growth of harmful oral microorganisms that cause dental problems [9].

This study, which was performed in 2005, shows that garlic extract inhibited the activities of all the oral microorganisms tested particularly the protease activity of Porphyromonas gingivalis [9].

In a short period, garlic extract can wipe out up to 94.88 percent [9].

This data indicates the therapeutic value of garlic for dental problems such as toothache and gum infection [9].

A study conducted by scientists from Israel also released similar findings, indicating that garlic can control oral pathogens linked to tooth decay and cavities [10].

The antibacterial powers of garlic is due to its primary component called allicin, which has been proven effective in killing all strains of oral pathogens [10].

On top of these, this herb has analgesic and antinociceptive properties that relieve pain without inflicting any harmful side effects [11].

What You’ll Need:

  • 1 clove of garlic
  • 1/4 teaspoon of salt

Recommended Directions:

  • Crush and chop garlic into small pieces.
  • Mix garlic and salt.
  • Put chopped garlic with salt on affected tooth.
  • Repeat everyday until pain subsides.

3. Onion

Like garlic, onion is also widely recognized for its plethora of benefits for the health.

It’s also a popular remedy for all sorts of ailments including bacterial infections.

Onion has also been demonstrated in numerous studies to be a strong bactericidal agent [12].

A 1997 study reports that onion extract can successfully inhibit the activities of Streptococcus sobrinus and Streptococcus mutans, which have been associated with breakdown of teeth [13].

It can also control bacterial strains that lead to gum infections such as Prevotella intermedia and Porphyromonas gingivalis [13].

What You’ll Need:

  • 1 tablespoon of raw onion, sliced

Recommended Directions:

  • Chew onion slices for five to 10 minutes.
  • Or place raw onion on aching tooth.
  • Do this remedy once a day until you get relief from pain.

4. Asafetida

This oleo-gum-resin derived from the asafetida root has long been used to cure various diseases such as asthma, gastrointestinal problems, intestinal parasites, diabetes, and fungal infections among many others [14].

Although it may not be the first natural remedy on people’s minds when it comes to treating toothache, it works like a charm.

It has anti-inflammatory mechanisms that can help tone down the swelling triggered by bacterial infection [14].

Contributing to this mode of action are its active compounds, which include sesquiterpene coumarins and polysulfides [14].

As a natural anxiolytic, it can help relieve stress and anxiety brought about by tooth pain and inflammation [15].

It is a good alternative to diazepam, a commonly prescribed anti-anxiety medication [15].

What You’ll Need:

  • 1/2 teaspoon of asafetida powder
  • 2 teaspoons of freshly squeezed lemon juice

Recommended Directions:

  • Warm lemon juice in a pan for a few seconds.
  • Remove from heat.
  • Add asafetida powder.
  • Apply solution on aching tooth using a cotton pad.
  • Follow this remedy once a day for one to two weeks.

5. Peppermint

Peppermint is one of the world’s most popular herbal teas, and it’s not only because of its wonderful minty flavor [16].

Studies have found that peppermint is highly beneficial for the health, mainly as an antibacterial, analgesic and anti-inflammatory [16, 17, 18].

The main active compounds in peppermint responsible for most of its pharmacological effects are menthol and menthone [16].

Menthol, in particular, has been found to be a strong analgesic that can provide immediate pain relief for painful conditions such as toothache [18].

All these properties are enough to convince anyone that’s it’s indeed a suitable solution for this dental problem.

What You’ll Need:

  • 1 teaspoon of peppermint leaves
  • 1 cup of water
  • 5 drops of peppermint oil

Recommended Directions:

  • Boil peppermint leaves in water.
  • Add peppermint oil.
  • Use a cotton ball to apply mixture on painful tooth.
  • Do this two to three times a day until pain is gone.

6. Vanilla Extract

Medicinal orchids like vanilla has been found to resolve a wide array of medical conditions including rheumatism, hysteria, fever, and many others [19].

It can help alleviate toothache by killing infection-causing bacteria as it is also a strong antibacterial agent [20].

Its flavonoids and alkaloids have potent inhibitory effects on pathogenic microorganisms that cause dental infections [20].

Moreover, it has antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory actions, as reported in an Indian study [21].

These actions can be attributed mainly to the compound called vanillin [21].

This means that vanilla can effectively relieve pain and tone down swelling of gums [21].

What You’ll Need:

  • 1 teaspoon of vanilla extract

Recommended Directions:

  • Apply vanilla extract on aching tooth using a cotton swab.
  • Repeat several times a day until pain is relieved.

7. Guava Leaves

Among the various folkloric remedies used for toothache, guava leaves are considered as some of the most effective, relieving pain brought about by dental caries [22].

This is not only helpful in curbing tooth pain among adults, but also safe enough to be used on children [22].

Unlike medications that sometimes have adverse effects, this herbal remedy is safe and well-tolerated [22].

Water extract from guava leaves have also been proven by Indian researchers to have significant analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive and anti-microbial activity [23].

Flavonoids in guava leaves such as rutin, quercetin and keampferol are responsible for these beneficial effects [23].

What You’ll Need:

  • 5 guava leaves
  • 1 teaspoon of salt
  • A pot of water

Recommended Directions:

  • Bring water to a boil.
  • Add guava leaves and salt.
  • Simmer for 10 minutes.
  • Remove from heat.
  • Let it cool a little.
  • Gargle the solution for 5 minutes.
  • Repeat as needed for one to two weeks or until pain is gone.

8. Tea Tree Oil

A 2003 study published in the International Dental Journal reported that an oral solution consisting of 0.2 percent tea tree oil was enough to combat oral microorganisms that cause dental problems [24].

The most important component of tea tree oil is terpinen-4-01, which is said to have powerful antimicrobial effects against many strains of bacteria [24].

It was noted that tea tree oil worked against 161 isolates of oral bacteria, which is why it is recommended to be included in oral hygiene products [25].

Researchers also confirm that tea tree oil can be a good alternative to chlorhexidine solution when it comes to treating oral infections [24].

There were some reports of unpleasant side effects such as bad breath, burning sensation and nausea but most of these are tolerable [24].

On top of all these, tea tree oil has also been found effective in reducing gum bleeding in people suffering from chronic gingivitis [26].

What You’ll Need:

  • 5 drops of tea tree oil
  • 1 teaspoon of olive oil

Recommended Directions:

  • Dilute tea tree oil in olive oil.
  • Gargle the oil mixture for 10 minutes.
  • Be careful not to swallow.
  • Repeat remedy once a day for one week.

9. Ginger

Since ancient times, ginger has been widely used to alleviate various types of pain [27].

Its analgesic and anti-inflammatory mechanisms have been well-documented in scientific literature [28, 29].

It means that it can provide pain relief and at the same time, tone down swelling in cases of toothache.

A 2015 study featured in the International Journal of Dentistry confirmed that ginger has strong antibacterial activities against microorganisms that cause tooth decay such as Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguinis [30].

As it turns out, ginger does not only alleviate the symptoms of toothache, but also works to kill the source of infection.

What You’ll Need:

  • 1 teaspoon of ginger, grated

Recommended Directions:

  • Apply grated ginger on painful tooth.
  • Follow this remedy twice a day for one to two weeks.

10. Myrrh

Traditional healers from India and China have used myrrh to treat arthritis, obesity, heart disease, and gastrointestinal problems [31].

It has also been proven to be an effective analgesic and anti-inflammatory [32, 33].

Even at low dosage, myrrh proves to be highly useful in minimizing pain and reducing inflammation [32].

Its pharmacological effects are due to the presence of diterpenes, sesquiterpenes and diterpenic acids [32].

These properties make myrrh a therapeutic agent for toothaches.

What You’ll Need:

  • 1 teaspoon of myrrh powder
  • 2 cups of water

Recommended Directions:

  • Simmer myrrh in water for half an hour.
  • Strain powder.
  • Gargle solution several times a day for one week.

11. Ice Cubes

Ice is often recommended by doctors for numbing the pain caused by tooth decay.

A study that can be found in the Canadian Medical Association Journal revealed that massaging the painful region with ice reduced dental pain by up to 50 percent [34].

Patients who complain of acute dental pain were treated with either ice massage or massage alone [34].

Reduction in pain intensity was more significant among those who received massage with cold therapy than those who were treated with massage alone [34].

The pain-reducing effects of ice are similar to those of acupuncture [34].

What You’ll Need:

  • Ice cubes

Recommended Directions:

  • Wrap ice cubes with a cloth.
  • Hold it against your cheek and gently massage.
  • Do this for five to 10 minutes.
  • Repeat remedy for one to two weeks.

12. Black Pepper

If you think that black pepper does nothing more than spice up your dishes, you’re wrong.

The partner of salt is actually a potent medicine for numerous diseases.

A powerful antimicrobial, black pepper can efficiently combat the oral bacteria that cause tooth and gum infection [35].

It is also said to have analgesic effects, which can come in handy in minimizing the pain and discomfort brought about by this dental issue [35].

You’ll notice that you’ll immediately feel better after using black pepper on your aching tooth.

It will numb the pain and help in toning down the swelling.

Black pepper is very easy to use, and since it can probably be found in your kitchen, you will not have a difficult time putting this remedy together.

What You’ll Need:

  • 1/2 teaspoon of black pepper
  • 1 teaspoon of olive oil

Recommended Directions:

  • Combine black pepper and olive oil.
  • Mix well.
  • Soak a cloth into the mixture.
  • Press the cloth gently onto the painful area.
  • Leave it on for 10 to 15 minutes.
  • Follow this procedure two to three times a day for up to one week.

13. Basil

Basil is typically added to pasta, soups, salads, and other dishes to bring out a unique flavor and aroma.

Amazingly, this herb is more than just a culinary spice, it’s also a valuable natural medicine.

One of the many health issues that it can resolve is toothache.

In the Unani system of medicine, this herb is often employed as a remedy for tooth pain [36].

Basil is also said to have antibacterial properties that can help get to the root of the problem, which are the oral bacteria [37].

What You’ll Need:

  • 1/2 cup of basil leaves

Recommended Directions:

  • Crush and chop basil leaves.
  • Wrap a cloth around the crushed leaves.
  • Put the cloth on your painful tooth.
  • Do this for 15 minutes.
  • Repeat several times a day until pain subsides.

Toothache can negatively affect eating, sleeping and normal day-to-day activities.

Resolve the problem right away with the help of these safe and natural home remedies.