Bunion’s etymology is the Greek word “bunio” which means turnip. It looks like a reddish lump in the feet. .
Bunion refers to a bony lump that develops at the big toe, forcing the joint to stick out. The skin over the bunion might become red and sore. Even smaller bunions can appear on the joint of the little toe . It is known as tailor’s bunion or bunionette. A tailor’s bunion may appear on the head of the metatarsal head (five long bones of the foot).
It’s quite embarrassing to wear sandals with that large bump bulging out at the base of your big and small toe.
A bunion can bring pain and discomfort, and affect your daily routine. It can sometimes cause calluses to form especially when the shoe rubs against the bunion .
There are some home remedies that you can try for relieving bunions. The efficacy of these natural remedies for bunions are evidenced by research.
This article reviews the home remedies to get rid of hallux valgus or bunions, plus the causes, symptoms, and prevention tips of this condition.
14 Home Remedies to Get Rid of Bunions
Some home remedies are highly effective for providing relief from bunions.
It has been one of the preferred herbal remedies of many traditional healers.
Ginger usually has no side effects, even after the long-term of use.
These properties make it a suitable treatment for painful bunions.
Recommended directions of using ginger for bunions:
Include a piece of ginger root in your daily diet. Combine 5 drops of ginger oil and 1 teaspoon of olive oil. Use this oil mixture to massage affected area. Do this for 15 minutes every day until the pain go away.
Turmeric is popular for its wide range of medicinal properties. You can take turmeric orally, apply it topically, or use it through inhalation .
Doctors prescribe turmeric as a remedy for many types of inflammatory disorders, including arthritis.
A clinical trial conducted by American researchers in 2003 found that curcumin works by inhibiting the activities of molecules that trigger the body’s inflammatory process .
Another study done at the King Faisal University in Saudi Arabia reported that turmeric possesses anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. These are beneficial for those suffering from arthritic conditions including bunions .
Amazingly, this remedy is more superior to indomethacin, a type of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug typically recommended for similar issues .
How to use turmeric for bunions pain:
Stir 1 teaspoon of turmeric in a glass of water. Drink the solution once a day for three to four weeks. Mix 2 drops of turmeric oil with a teaspoon of olive oil. Apply a thin layer on your foot. Massage gently for at least 10 minutes. Repeat procedure twice a day for one week.
3. Chamomile Tea
The Anglo Saxons believed that chamomile is “one of the nine sacred herbs” that God gave to humans .
Moreover, it’s probably because chamomile can treat a wide range of ailments.
It is also considered a helpful remedy for those complaining of bunions.
Experts have analyzed Chamomile’s anti-inflammatory effects on rats. They obtained positive results .
How to use chamomile to get rid of bunions at home:
Boil 1 teaspoon of dried chamomile in a cup of water. Remove from heat. Drink the tea once a day for two to three weeks. Or apply chamomile tea bags on the swollen joint. Repeat every day until swelling subsides.
Many people also rely on this for alleviating bunions.
According to a report published in The Telegraph, calendula can reduce swelling by up to 25 percent. It can completely heal the pain in bunion patients within a three-month-long treatment.
It is a recommended alternative to surgery. A surgery is not only painful and takes a longer time to recover but is also very expensive.
If you’d like to get relief from bunions but would not want to resort to the surgical procedure, this is the alternative that you should try.
Home remedy for bunions using calendula:
Combine 1 cup of calendula petals and 1 cup of olive oil in a pot. Warm on low heat for three hours. Pour mixture into a glass jar. Apply a small amount of affected part of the foot. Massage using long gentle strokes for five to 10 minutes. Repeat three times a day for one to two weeks.
5. Epsom Salt
A popular folk remedy for countless ailments, Epsom salt, may also alleviate inflammation in the big toe.
Epsom salts also known as magnesium sulfide is a compound made of oxygen, magnesium, and sulfur.
It is a good source of magnesium. People have been using epsom salt for treating minor ailments like muscle and joint paints or serious conditions such as cerebral palsy.
Alta Bates Medical Center in Berkeley, California recommends soaking bunions in a mixture of warm water and Epsom salts for pain and inflammation relief.
More studies should be done to validate the safety and efficacy of Epsom salt for this particular condition. But you can go ahead and try it for yourself.
After all, many of those who have used this remedy attest that it works and even recommend its use to other people.
How to use epsom salt to treat bunions naturally:
Pour 1/4 cup of Epsom salt into 1/2 bucket of warm water. Mix well. Soak your foot in the solution. Massage gently for 15 minutes. Repeat every day until condition improves.
Massage has always been beneficial in curbing countless health issues related to muscular pains and soreness.
For those with bunions, massage may also help relieve pain and tone down inflammation.
A study in the Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies reports, massage is an excellent remedy for numerous pain problems .
When you receive a massage, you’ll feel so much better afterward.
It’s not only on the physical level, but you’ll also feel some improvement in your mood and emotional state.
This is great since painful conditions such as bunions can make you feel stressed out and moody.
Recommended directions of using lavender oil for bunions:
Warm One teaspoon of mustard oil in a pan. Remove from heat. Let it cool a little. Add 2 drops of lavender oil. Apply oil blend on the joint and massage gently for 15 minutes. Repeat four times a day. Do this every day until inflammation is reduced.
7. Olive Oil
Apart from using it to massage affected body parts, you can also consume it orally.
It may also work to improve your health from within due to its nutrients and antioxidants.
Use it in your cooking, or drizzle olive oil on your salad or vegetables.
How to use olive oil to shrink bunions naturally:
Warm one teaspoon of olive oil in a pan. Smear olive oil on the affected joint. Massage gently for 15 to 20 minutes. Repeat three times a day for two to three weeks. Make it a habit to include more olive oil in your diet as well.
8. Red Pepper
A 2006 study reports its anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory properties .
Reducing inflammation is also a key component in any bunion treatment.
Yes, topical application of something as spicy as red pepper may cause a bit of stinging pain.
However, this gets more tolerable in time.
If you’re not comfortable with the stinging sensation it causes, you can reduce the amount of red pepper in the remedy and increase it gradually once you get used to it.
How to use red pepper as natural cure for bunions:
Combine one teaspoon chopped red pepper and 3 tablespoons of olive oil. Massage sore joint with this mixture. Do this remedy for 15 minutes once a day for one week.
9. Castor Oil
This plant has antifungal, laxative, antioxidant, antibacterial properties .
These active compounds work by preventing the molecules and enzymes that set off the body’s inflammatory response.
It can also relieve the pain caused by bunions with its antinociceptive properties .
This works by preventing pain signals from getting to your brain.
This way, even if you’re in pain, you will not know that you are. Because this remedy has blocked the signals that trigger your brain.
How to use castor oil to stop bunions from progressing:
Put 1/4 cup of castor oil in a pan over low heat. Warm it for a few minutes. Soak a cloth in the oil. Apply it onto the bunions. Wrap the foot in a dry cloth. Follow remedy twice a day for three to four weeks.
Cold therapy has long been used for toning down inflammation such as bunions.
It is one of the “conservative treatment measures” that should be immediately used at the first sign of the problem .
A 2005 study published in the Clinical Chiropractic Journal, stated that ice treatment along with other conservative chiropractic measures significantly reduced the pain and discomfort caused by bunions .
Because this is a very simple and easy to use the technique, there’s no excuse not to try it.
All you need is cold water or a bowl of ice cubes that you probably have in your freezer.
Recommended directions of using ice for bunions:
Wrap ice cubes with a cotton cloth. Gently press on bunions for five to 10 minutes. Use this remedy once or twice a day as needed.
When you’re in pain, it may be difficult to engage in any form of physical activity.
Most likely, you’re going to avoid movements so as not to feel any pain.
Actually, pain should not prevent you from exercising.
In fact, those who suffer from bunions should still engage in suitable forms of exercises to strengthen the muscles.
This, in turn, will help alleviate the condition and improve mobility.
In a 2016 study featured in the Journal of Orthopedic & Sports Physical Therapy, it was confirmed that foot strengthening exercises could benefit people who complain of bunions .
Just make sure that you follow the recommended procedure. Strenuous exercises may aggravate the inflammation.
Sit down on a chair. Put a tennis ball underneath your foot. Roll the ball using your foot.
Do this exercise technique for 10 to 15 minutes a day. After this, stand up straight and stretch your toes for 10 to 15 seconds. Curl them under for another 10 to 15 seconds. Repeat this for 10 to 15 minutes. Do these exercises twice a day until pain and inflammation improve.
12. Lavender Oil
Lavender oil is most popular for its ability to induce relaxation.
It’s often employed in relaxation techniques such as massage therapy and aromatherapy.
Topical massage with lavender oil may help by toning down the pain and discomfort of bunions.
It may also soothe your senses and make you feel less stressed about it.
The active compounds in lavender include linalyl acetate and linalool .
These compounds may cause a great reduction in edema and pain in animals.
These findings are enough to convince researchers that lavender oil can benefit many types of pain and inflammation-related disorders.
Lavender also doesn’t have any harmful side effects as long as it is not used in the pure and undiluted form.
How to use lavender oil for bunions pain and inflammation:
Pour 3 drops of lavender oil in a teaspoon of almond oil. Mix well. Apply on your bunions. Massage gently for 10 to 15 minutes. Wrap a cloth with lavender oil around your foot. Let it stay for at least half a day. Use this remedy every day until condition improves.
13. Bay Leaves
Aromatic bay leaves are a popular spice in South Asian countries. The leaves are used in a variety of dishes for their aroma and flavor.
Bay leaves have incredible medical values because of their chemical components. The leaves contain linalool, eucalyptol, geraniol, terpenes, and terpineol, lauric acid, and many other active components. 
Bay leaves are a simple home remedy for bunions pain and swellings. Let’s get to know how to use bay leaves for bunions relief.
How to use bay leaves to shrink bunions naturally:
Crush 5-7 bay leaves and boil them on 300 ml of water for 5-10 minutes. Drink this tea every morning and at intervals throughout the day. You may feel the urge to urinate frequently during the day as you begin this treatment. The leaves will help dissolve the salt in your body and thus lower the pain and swellings of the bunions. Continue this treatment for two months.
It is also recommended that you soak your feet in baking soda water every night while consuming bay leaves tea. Pat dry your feet and wear cotton socks. This will make the treatment work faster.
Notice: make sure you drink fresh bay leaves tea every time you repeat the treatment.
It’s not as shocking as it sounds! Using aspirin may actually help to get rid of bunions.
Aspirin is a non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory drug that decreases the stinging pain that arises from an inflamed area.
A study was conducted in 2009 to see the effect of aspirin on healthy male volunteers .
The study found that low doses of aspirin could inhibit innate immune-mediated responses. Meaning that aspirin could treat areas with inflammation, thus proving highly beneficial to treat bunions .
Moreover, aspirin helps to keep the affected area soft and prevents calluses.
How to use aspirin tablets topically to reduce bunions pain:
In a bucket full of lukewarm water, add 2-3 aspirin tablets. Soak the foot in this mixture until the water turns cold and then dry the foot and massage it with olive oil. Repeat this process twice a day till the pain reduced.
However, remember to do a patch test at first as sometimes aspirin may induce allergies or skin irritation.
Cause of Bunions or Hallux Valgus
The exact cause of a bunion is unknown. However, several factors lead to the development of it such as:
- Foot injuries
- Inherited foot type
- Deformities present at birth (congenital)
Lifestyle habits mainly contribute to bunions. For example, wearing too-tight fitting or even narrow shoes can contribute to the formation of a bunion.
Bunions can also develop as a result of stress on your foot. An inherited structural defect, or a medical condition, such as rheumatoid arthritis can lead to the formation of a bunion .
The joint enlargement, misalignment, and deformity often occur with inflammation of the tissues .
This condition causes various unpleasant symptoms such as soreness and swelling in the big toe joint, thickening of the skin, corns and calluses, difficulty in moving the toe, and persistent pain .
Most of the time they don’t always create life-threatening complications. However, the permanent bunions can be surgically corrected. The possible complications associated with bunions include:
- Bursitis – this condition mainly occurs when the small fluid-like pads that cover the bones, muscles, and tendons near the joints become inflamed.
- Hammertoe- in this case, an abnormal bending occurs in the middle joint of a toe, causing pain and pressure.
- Metatarsalgia –This condition causes pain and inflammation in the ball of your foot
When to See a Doctor
Honestly, that depends on the condition of the bunion. Usually, joint injuries and disease are first examined thoroughly by a physician. If the doctor finds after diagnosis that the problem is severe, then he or she will suggest you surgery. 
The doctor may recommend you to wear a bunion splint or Hallux Valgus corrector brace pad. The bunion relief products such as a toe straightener may give you relief from the pain.
However, you if it is not that problematic then you can treat the condition using simple home remedies for bunions.
How to Prevent Bunions?
As wearing shoes can lead to bunions, it’s important to choose shoes carefully.
It’s best to wear shoes that have a wide toe box so that there’s enough space between the tip of your longest toe and the end of the shoe.
Also, your shoes should not squeeze or press any part of the foot. These precautions at times are enough to prevent bunions. 
Some Q&A About Bunion
What is bunion?
A bunion is a complicated problem in the foot. It is more complex a simple bump. When a person has a bunion, then the big toe is angled towards other toes. The name of this condition is hallux valgus. Bunion treatment is done using simple home remedies given above.
Is bunion more prevalent in women than in men?
Yes. A bunion is more prevalent in women when compared to men. It happens because of the prolonged wearing of unsuitable footwear.
Is there any complication that may arise after the surgery?
It is very uncommon for a complication to arise after bunion surgery. However, sometimes complications may occur, and it is an occasional instance. The type of complication that can occur includes:
- an infection
- phlebitis which is an inflammation of the vein
- excessive swelling or bleeding from the operated area
- blood clot formation
- any damage to blood vessels and nerves
Does bunion also affect children?
Yes. A bunion is sometimes diagnosed in children as well. These can happen to children who are as young as three to four years old. It is because their bones are growing and may start to become deformed due to improper footwear. Usually, surgery is suggested for children after they are more than twelve years old. It is because then, their foot stops growing.
In what age group does bunion occurs more often?
Bunion affects people who are elderly. So, a bunion is more common in adults who are more than sixty-five years of age.
Is bunion a genetic condition?
Not really. Only about two percent of people who suffer from bunion getting because of their genes.
Joint pains are really harassing and distressing at the same time.
Plus, if it is on foot, then life gets even worse.
Conventionally, surgery is suggested as the proper option to treat bunions. However, that is not always the case. You may get rid of bunions without surgery by only using natural home remedies.
Usually, these home remedies for a bunion may reduce the symptoms to a great extent.
Surgery is only suggested when the condition is really bad.