A migraine headache affects up to 12 percent of the population in the United States .
It causes throbbing pain usually in one area of the head, which can last for a few hours to a few days .
The researchers believe that you can inherit a migraine pain from your parents. The triggers may activate the trigeminal nerve in your head and face.
This nerve releases some chemicals (serotonin, CGRP, etc.) and neurotransmitters. Those chemicals swell up the blood vessels in your head which causes a migraine headache. 
But, headache is one part of it. It usually comes with other unpleasant symptoms such as vomiting, nausea. You may also have and light and sound sensitivity .
Scientific research and medical experiment confirms the effectiveness of some essential oils in providing relief from migraines and its symptoms.
This article reviews the efficacy and uses of essential oils for migraines, plus the triggers and symptoms of migraine pain.
Efficacy of Essential Oils for Headache and Migraine Relief
A migraine can last more than 3-4 days. It’s a natural tendency to grab painkiller tablets whenever you get a migraine pain. But these over the counter drugs consist of aspirin and acetaminophen. 
These chemical ingredients have adverse consequences on your health in the long run. It’s time you chose a natural remedy for your migraine and headaches using essential oils.
Essential or volatile oils are the essence of various plants. They come from the leaves, fruits, flowers, barks, stems, and roots of the plants. We can get those oils by the steam distillation process.
Essential oils are necessary ingredients in aromatherapy, cosmetics, and perfumes. These oils are also vital in medicine industries. 
Essential oils are well known for their anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, analgesic, antidepressant properties.
These components can soothe the pain and reduce the stress level. Thus, they bring immediate relief to your migraine and headaches. The aroma of these herbal oils can transport you to a new level of calmness and relaxation.
Best Essential Oils for Migraines and Headaches
1. Lavender Oil
For centuries, it has been treating anxiety, depression, and pain-related disorders .
In 2012, a group of researchers from Iran assessed the effects of lavender essential oil. They did it on some of the 47 patients suffering from migraine headaches .
Findings reveal that the inhalation of this oil for 15 minutes can decrease the severity of a headache .
Out of the 129 headache attacks, more than 90 responded well to lavender oil treatment .
This oil is not only useful but also safe to use, as long as you don’t use it in undiluted form.
How to use lavender essential oil for migraine headache:
Blend 8 drops of lavender oil, 4 drops of chamomile oil, and 1 oz. sweet almond oil in a jar. Take a small amount. Rub it on the painful part of your head. Massage for 10 minutes. Repeat as needed.
2. Rosemary Oil
The pharmacological effects of rosemary are valuable in both traditional and modern medicine.
Rosemary oil can reduce migraine symptoms such as a headache, nausea, and vomiting.
The way rosemary oil works is that it numbs the pain receptors and at the same time, block signals of pain in the brain.
Try this simple method of using rosemary oil for migraine:
Pour 5 drops of rosemary oil in a cotton ball. Inhale the scent. Rub cotton ball on temples and forehead. Repeat remedy two to three times a day until the pain subsides.
3. Chamomile Oil
Many people enjoy drinking chamomile tea, loving its soothing effects.
Its oil extract meanwhile is a popular natural solution for pain and nausea.
In 2015, researchers analyzed the efficacy of chamomile as an anti-migraine treatment .
As you know, headache is one of the many symptoms of a migraine.
Luckily, chamomile oil can also reduce vomiting, nausea and light sensitivity, among others.
Learn how to use chamomile essential oil for headaches and migraines:
Put 4 drops of chamomile oil, 4 drops of helichrysum oil, and 1 oz. of jojoba oil in a glass jar. Shake to blend well. Apply a small amount on your head and scalp. Massage for a few minutes. Repeat every time you have a migraine attack.
4. Eucalyptus Oil
Scientists experimented to probe the effects of eucalyptus oil along with other oils. They conducted the experiment on 32 individuals with migraine .
Results state that the oil helped with mental and muscle relaxation. It also had a positive impact on cognitive performance .
It also has peripheral and central analgesic effects. These effects justify its use in folkloric medicine as a treatment for migraine .
It’s not hard to imagine how eucalyptus can help migraine sufferers.
After all, a quick application of eucalyptus oil on the skin leaves a feeling of coolness. Thus, it can refresh and rejuvenate your senses.
Simple use of eucalyptus oil for migraine relief:
Pour 10 drops of eucalyptus oil in a diffuser. Fill the room with its scent. Inhale deeply. Do this remedy once a day.
5. Peppermint Oil
It was in 1753 when Carolus Linnaeus first identified peppermint .
At that time, people considered it a species, but later on, scientists discovered that it is a hybrid .
Peppermint oil is an excellent flavoring agent used in dental and pharmaceutical products. Besides, you can use it as a natural remedy for various ailments including a migraine .
The International Journal of Clinical Practice featured a study. It investigates menthol’s efficacy as an “abortive treatment method” for migraine .
The research found that menthol in peppermint reduced symptoms of a migraine. Besides, it didn’t have any observed adverse effects .
How you can use peppermint essential oil for migraine relief:
Combine 5 drops of peppermint oil and 1 tsp of jojoba oil. Apply a thin layer on temples and forehead. Massage using circular motions. Follow remedy each time pain triggers.
Read More: Peppermint Oil for Hair: 8 Reasons to Use
6. Helichrysum Oil
Helichrysum is quite famous in Europe, particularly in Portugal, Spain, Bosnia, and Italy. People rely on it for colds, cough, allergies, and gallbladder disease .
In Turkey, it’s one of the herbal plants used to relieve a migraine .
Most of the studies done on helichrysum extract confirm its pharmacological effects. Those effects have connection to its active compounds .
Try this easy method to use helichrysum oil for migraine:
Mix 1 tsp of jojoba and 3 drops of helichrysum oils. Inhale the scent as you do. Massage your head. Repeat two to three times a day.
7. Spearmint Oil
The most popular use of spearmint is for freshening up the breath and getting rid of halitosis.
Of course, that’s not all it could do.
This oil also works to improve the condition of those with chronic migraine attacks.
A 2013 study reports that it has analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties .
Whatever migraine symptom you have, you can get quick relief by using spearmint oil.
How to use spearmint oil for migraine remedy:
Pour 5 drops of oil in a tissue or cloth. Inhale the aroma. Do this a few times a day.
8. Basil Oil
Many people love it for its unique enticing aroma and spicy flavor with a hint of clove and mint .
Besides, basil is also famous for its array of benefits for the health.
Its therapeutic properties include pain relief from migraine attacks.
Clinical data shows that it is quite effective in reducing headache and anxiety. It means the oil can provide relief to those who suffer from a migraine .
In this experiment, forty middle-aged women with recurrent cases of headaches participated. Some of them received a blend that makes use of basil oil as one of the ingredients .
They inhaled the aromatherapy blend three times a day and applied it on the neck and shoulders once a day .
By the time, the trial was complete. The report showed that the aromatherapy blend reduced pain, stress, and anxiety .
How you can consume basil oil to calm migraines:
Pour 3 drops of basil oil in a cup of hot water. Drink concoction once a day.
9. Ginger Oil
Like garlic and turmeric, ginger is also a root crop famed for its many therapeutic purposes.
It is famous as a pain and anxiety relief.
Ginger oil can help tone down migraine pain and dizziness as well as ease feelings of wanting to throw up.
Researchers compared the effects of ginger to those of metoclopramide and placebo .
The participants consisting of 120 women in that trial. Their pain and nausea reduced after using ginger and metoclopramide .
There was another study conducted in 2005. It revealed that ginger oil reduced nausea by at
least 20 percent .
How to use ginger essential oil for headaches and migraine:
Add 5 drops of ginger oil to a cup of hot water. Drink the mixture. Do this when you have a headache or when feeling nauseous.
10. Rose Oil
For hopeless romantics, a rose is a symbol of love.
For medical practitioners, it is a potential remedy for many types of ailments .
Rose oil may have significant analgesic effects. These effects can be a boon for those who have chronic cases of a migraine.
Aromatherapy with this oil can reduce headache pain and anxiety due to migraine .
Whether inhaled or applied on skin, this can do so much in alleviating migraine symptoms.
The easiest way to use rose oil for migraine relief:
Put 5 drops of rose oil in a handkerchief. Smell the handkerchief whenever you feel pain.
11. Lemon Balm Oil
Lemon balm is a famous medicinal oil. It comes from a plant that’s native to western Asia and eastern Mediterranean regions .
Contributing to its large pharmacological effects are its active compounds. These are citral, and citronellal .
Lemon balm oil is a potent tonic, carminative, and antispasmodic. Besides, it is a proven hypnotic and sedative agent that can do so much for you if you suffer from a chronic migraine .
A 2008 study also confirms that lemon balm oil has antinociceptive effects .
What this means is that this oil can disrupt pain signals in the brain, so you don’t feel as much as pain as you usually do.
Lemon balm can also help induce sleep, which is why migraine sufferers can enjoy this oil.
As you know, a migraine can make it difficult for you to get a good night’s sleep.
Learn how to use lemon balm oil to soothe migraine headache:
Put 3 drops of lemon balm oil and 1 tsp of almond oil in a bowl. Transfer oil mixture to a glass jar with a lid. Seal the cover, and shake to blend. Pour a few drops of oil blend on your fingers. Massage forehead and temples with your fingers. Do this for 15 minutes. Repeat remedy three times a day for one to two weeks.
12. Clove Oil
Clove oil is among the botanical medicines considered effective and safe for headaches. These include tension headache, cluster headache and even migraine headache .
This oil, which comes from the dried flower buds of the clove plant, can promote healing and ease pain .
Carvacrol, eugenol, cinnamaldehyde, and thymol are some active compounds of this oil .
These chemicals are responsible for its beneficial effects .
How to use clove oil to relieve migraine pain:
Combine 3 drops of clove oil and 1 tsp of coconut oil in a bowl. Put the oil blend in a glass jar. Pour a few drops of a piece of cloth. Put the fabric on top of your forehead and press. Massage the temples for a few minutes. Inhale as you do. Repeat procedure each time you feel pain setting in.
Symptoms of a Migraine
If you are down with a migraine, you’ll experience the following symptoms:
- Throbbing or pounding headache
- Vulnerable to light, loud sounds and strong smell
- Distorted vision
- Nausea, and stomach disorders such as abdominal cramps
- Poor appetite
- Feeling tired, dizzy and feverish. 
Triggers of a Migraine
Some of the triggers of activating migraine bomb include:
- Stress and anxiety
- Alcohol, food additives such as nitrates and monosodium glutamate
- Missing your regular dose of caffeine from tea or coffee
- A change of weather
- Exhaustion from work
- Exposure to hot sun for a long time
- Missing a meal
- A difference in sleeping time
Some Tips and Lifestyle Hacks to Prevent Migraines
Have you identified what triggers your migraine pains? If you have, then you can keep a check on your lifestyle and avoid those migraine triggers. Below listed are some lifestyle hacks to prevent migraines.
Manage Your Stress:
Take it easy. Your life is more important than your work. Be kind to yourself and find some time to relax.
You can indulge in some physical activities, light exercise, swimming, yoga, meditation, etc.
Drink Enough Water:
Dehydration is one of the primary causes of migraines. Among many other essential functions water regulates the cortisol hormones in your body. Thus a lack of water in the body may result in fatigue, stress and severe migraine.
Drink a lot of water on a daily basis to keep away from exhaustion and headaches. You can also have lime juice or any other fresh drinks to fill the lack of liquids in your body.
You should maintain a routine sleeping pattern. Don’t be awake until late or have a long siesta in the afternoon. Both of these conditions can bring on a migraine attack.
The quality and quantity of your sleep have a lot to do with your migraines. Make sure that your sleeping environment is comfortable and noise free. A light and early dinner can also help you with sound sleep.
Eat Magnesium-Rich Foods:
Magnesium has a wide range of contributions to your body. It regulates the functions of muscles and nerves, promotes healthy heart and bones. Magnesium deficiency has adverse effects on your brains blood vessels.
Thus, raise magnesium intakes to keep away migraines. Add some magnesium-rich foods to your diet today. These are offal, pumpkin seeds, yogurt, black beans, spinach, figs, banana, etc.
Avoid Food Allergies:
Food allergies happen when your body doesn’t agree with specific food items. It creates adverse reactions or inflammations. Inflammations inside your body can give you a migraine or throbbing headache.
Identify the offending food items that trigger an allergic response and avoid them. Some of the common allergic foods include dairy products, cereal, peanuts, etc.
Avoid MSG mixed foods:
MSG or monosodium glutamate is a food additive especially in fast foods and soft drinks. A high level of glutamate can affect the hypothalamus region of your brain. It may cause inflammations. So, avoid consumption of such foods on a regular basis.
When to See a Doctor
A headache isn’t usually the reason you need to go to a doctor. But, when it comes to a migraine, it’s not only a headache. You may feel dizzy, nausea, and have blurry vision.
You may also have a sudden loss of balance, numbness, and weakness which you should not take lightly. Visit your doctor and tell them about these symptoms. The doctor may prescribe you some medications based on your symptoms.
A pounding headache can make your life miserable. It’s hard to find a person who has never suffered a migraine.
Migraine can prevent you from performing your daily tasks with efficiency. It can also make it difficult for you to enjoy life.
Migraine is one of the severe forms of a headache. This pounding headache is so common these days. In the USA more than 36 million people suffer from migraines every year. 
Using essential oils are a great way to cure your migraine attacks at home. But, you should make sure to use these potent oils as per the recommended directions.